Friday, July 5, 2013

Beginner's guide to install "Windows 7"

This is the first ever guide to install any operating system(OS) in .NeXT blog. Well I myself promised that I would create something similar and so here it begins. Why Windows 7 and not any other version of Windows? Well that is because as a Windows user for my entire computing life I felt most of the users should know about this basic installation process of arguably the best Windows OS till date. So if you are planning to get a new Windows OS or, revamping a new machine and the computer doesn't have touch enabled screen, I would suggest to go for Windows 7 if the below mentioned minimum requirements are met. I would like to make similar posts regarding Linux distributions too in the future.

(Note: In the example below I have used Windows 7 Ultimate version. The other versions work in the same way)

Windows 7 at .NeXT

What is Windows 7?

Windows 7 is an operating system produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, netbooks, tablet PCs, and media center PCs. It was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and became generally available for retail worldwide on October 22, 2009, less than three years after the release of its predecessor, Windows Vista.

Types of available Windows 7:
  • Windows 7 Starter: A stripped-down version of Windows 7 that can only run three programs at a time. This version is ideal for netbooks.
  • Windows 7 Home Basic: Designed for developing countries, this version adds better graphics and Internet connection sharing to the Starter edition.
  • Windows 7 Home Premium: Built to fill most consumers’ needs, this version includes programs for watching and recording TV on the PC as well as for creating DVDs from videos.
  • Windows 7 Professional: Aimed at the business market, this features everything from Home Premium plus tools used by small businesses: extra networking features, for example, and similar business tools.
  • Windows 7 Enterprise: Microsoft sells this large business version in bulk to large businesses.
  • Windows 7 Ultimate: This version aims at the wallets of information technology specialists who spend much of their lives in front of their keyboards.

Minimum System Requirements:

  • 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor
  • 1 gigabyte (GB) RAM (32-bit) or 2 GB RAM (64-bit)
  • 16 GB available hard disk space (32-bit) or 20 GB (64-bit)
  • DVD-R/W Drive
  • DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM 1.0 or higher driver

Well people without a DVD-R/W drive can install from bootable USB drives too. But that will require to make a Windows 7 bootable USB drive.

Which one to choose 32bit or 64 bit?

64 bit OS are more efficient in using the RAM(rapid access memory) of your system than 32bit. If you have or planning to use more than 3gb of RAM then I would suggest to go with 64 bit.

Installation Process:

Step 1:

Start your computer. Depending on your BIOS click "F2" or "DEL" key to enter into your BIOS configurations. Check for the boot device priority and depending on what you are using make the 1st boot device either CD or DVD ROM or, USB. Insert the bootable Windows 7 DVD or, USB drive into your machine and reboot. If using the DVD you will be asked to press a key to boot from DVD or CD, press any key. A black window will appear momentarily while the DVD content is read.

Windows 7 Installation loading files at .NeXT

And a "Starting Windows" screen will appear.

Windows 7 Installation Starting Windows at .NeXT

Step 2:

Unlike Windows XP or older versions Windows 7 takes you directly to the graphical interface for installation. You should see the page like the following screenshot after few moments of Starting Windows page.

Windows 7 Installation Language, Time, Currency, Keyboard at .NeXT

Select these: Language to Install,Time and currency format, Keyboard or input method. Click "Next" when done.

Step 3:

The "Install Now" windows will appear now.

Windows 7 Installation Install Now at .NeXT

Click the "Install now" button.

Step 4:

The page with "Terms and Conditions" will appear.

Windows 7 Installation Terms and Conditions at .NeXT

Needless to say, that you must click the checkbox and accept the Terms and Conditions. Click next to advance.

Step 5:

As of here, my suggestion would be always stick to "Custom(Advanced)" installation process. It will install a fresh copy of Windows and is likely to save you numerous troubles you might get from upgradation.

Windows 7 Installation Upgrade or Clean install at .NeXT

So, click "Custom(Advanced)" to proceed.

Step 6:

Here you must choose which partition or Hard Disk(HDD) you want to put your new Windows 7 in. You may partition your HDD or format other partition/s from this same interface.

Windows 7 Installation Partition at .NeXT

After selecting the intended partition of your choice click next for the next step.

Step 7:

The installer will start to copy the required files to your HDD and expand them accordingly. The installation process will get complete in this page when all the green "tick" marks are there. Your machine might restart a few times during this step and continue the process after reboot by itself.

Windows 7 Installation at .NeXT

This process will end up with another reboot of your machine.

Windows 7 Installation Reboot at .NeXT

Step 8:

After reboot and few screens of loading and finalizing settings the screen where you can set your user's and Computer's name. Set it accordingly.

Windows 7 Installation Finalizing at .NeXT

Windows 7 Installation Computer Name at .NeXT

When done, click "Next".

Click on "Next".

Step 9:

This step is crucial for the security of your computer. Try to put a alphanumerical password for your machine which should preferably be of more than 8 characters length.

Windows 7 Installation Password at .NeXT

Fill up the pass hint too for the convenience of remembering the password in case forgotten. Click "Next" when done.

Step 10:

The next page will ask you for the Product Key for your Windows 7. There will be an option to activate it later online too.

Windows 7 Installation Product Key at .NeXT

In case if you want to skip this step here, you may do so. You will have a fully functional 30 day trial of your Windows 7. You may activate your Windows within your trial period at any time. Whatever your choice is, decide and click "Next" to advance.

Step 11:

The screen will ask you for how you want to secure your computer. My suggestion would be always with "Recommended Settings"(the topmost one). The other options are there to help you choose from in case of unavoidable conditions like limited bandwidth network availability.

Windows 7 Installation Update at .NeXT

Select your desired option to proceed.

Step 12:

The next one is to select your date and time settings. I prefer to select my time zone and let windows automatically update that later again for me for accuracy.

Windows 7 Installation Time at .NeXT

Click "Next" when done.

Step 13:

Select the network type to let Windows set up the sharing over networks etc.

Windows 7 Installation Network Type at .NeXT

When selected the installation is actually done from your part. Windows will finalize the settings by itself.

Windows 7 Installation Preparing Windows at .NeXT

The Windows 7 Desktop will appear and there on it will be your domain to rule your world.

Windows 7 Installation Desktop at .NeXT

Well the steps end with this of course. It would be really awesome if the readers can add something to it or point out what I can change or modify in this.

(Some images have been taken from Google Image search results, courtesy goes to the people who took the screenshots)

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